The largest known black hole, based on measurements of its event horizon (the boundary at which its gravity prevents light from escaping), is located at the center of the supergiant elliptical galaxy M87 and has a mass of 6.
5 billion (6. 5×109) solar masses. This supermassive black hole, referred to as M87*, was first identified through observations by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1998. M87* is 5. 5 million light-years away from Earth and is estimated to have a Schwarzschild radius of 70 million kilometers.
This makes it one of the largest supermassive black holes to have ever been discovered in the Universe.
Is Phoenix a bigger than TON 618?
No, Phoenix is not bigger than TON 618. TON 618 is a very large supercomputer with a peak performance of 618 petaflops of floating-point operations per second, making it the world’s second-fastest supercomputer as of July 2020.
By comparison, the University of Arizona’s Phoenix cluster is a much smaller system, with a peak performance of only 87. 6 teraflops. This is less than 14% of TON 618’s peak performance, making the latter the much more powerful machine.
How many suns can fit in TON 618?
Unfortunately, it is not possible to answer this question definitively due to the vast size difference between the TON 618 supermassive black hole (which is estimated to contain a mass which is 55 million times that of the sun) and the sun.
Therefore, while it is true that theoretically, an astronomical amount of suns can fit within TON 618, the practical answer to this question is that it is impossible to say exactly how many suns TON 618 could contain due to the vast difference in their size.
What is the largest thing in the universe?
The largest thing in the universe is the Hercules-Corona Borealis Great Wall (HCBG) galaxy supercluster, measuring about 10 billion light-years across. This supercluster contains thousands of galaxies located near the constellations of Hercules and Corona Borealis.
The supercluster has a mass of over 10 million billion solar masses, making it one of the most massive known structures, and it is around 10 billion light-years away from Earth. It is immense in size, and consists of a web of filaments that connect different groups of galaxies in the supercluster.
It is part of a larger structure known as the Sloan Great Wall, which is the largest structure in the universe and is nearly one billion light-years across.
At what mass do black holes form?
Black holes form when an object’s mass is compressed into an incredibly small volume, creating an objects with such a powerful gravitational pull that even light cannot escape it. The exact mass at which a black hole forms is dependent on the amount of mass being compressed, as well as the nature of the object collapsing under its own gravity.
For example, if a star has more than about three times the mass of the Sun, it will collapse in on itself, forming a black hole. In contrast, if two neutron stars were to collide, they could form a black hole with a mass of just over three solar masses.
In general, black holes can form with any mass above about three times the mass of the Sun. However, special situations can be created where a black hole can form with significantly lower mass. This is particularly true in environments with a large amount of matter present, such as in the centers of galaxies or near certain types of neutron stars.
In addition, certain theories suggest that it may be possible to form a black hole with a mass as small as a handful of atoms, though this has yet to be confirmed by observational evidence.
Do all black holes have the same mass?
No, not all black holes have the same mass. Black holes can have a variety of masses, ranging from several times that of our sun to millions or even billions of times greater. The mass of a black hole is determined by the amount of matter that has been compressed into the extremely dense core.
The more matter that is concentrated into this area, the greater the mass of the black hole. Additionally, some black holes are actively accreting mass by attracting matter from their surroundings, and thus their mass can fluctuate as matter is added or removed.
What is the mass of the black hole TON 618?
The mass of the black hole TON 618 is estimated to be 66 billion solar masses. This makes it one of the most massive black holes ever discovered. It is located about 11 Billion light-years from Earth and was discovered in 2016 by an international team of astronomers.
They used the Hubble Space Telescope to observe its quasar — the radiation produced by gas swirling around the black hole. Since then, the team has been modeling the properties of the quasar to learn more about the mass of TON 618.
Their models suggest that the black hole has a mass of 66 billion solar masses, or 66 billion times the mass of our sun. This makes it one of the most massive supermassive black holes ever discovered.
What’s beyond a black hole?
It is difficult to answer the question of what lies beyond a black hole because, by definition, the event horizon of a black hole is a one-way boundary; once anything, even light, passes the event horizon, there is no return, so nothing may be said with certainty about what lies beyond the event horizon.
However, some theories suggest that beyond the event horizon there may be multiple ones, each leading to a different universe, a collection of universes in different dimensions, or even alternate timelines.
For example, one theory proposes that matter being sucked into a black hole creates a new universe. Another theory suggests that the matter being drawn into the black hole is redirected toward alternate, parallel universes through a “wormhole”.
Given the uncertainty of what lies beyond a black hole, it is difficult to confirm which of these theories, if any, are correct. Ultimately, the answer may remain unknown until we develop technology that allows for actual exploration of these phenomena.
Can a black hole destroy a galaxy?
No, a black hole cannot directly destroy a galaxy, however, their intense gravitational pull can have a major impact on star formation, drastically altering a galaxy. For example, when a black hole devours the material around it, this material would have otherwise gone on to form stars, so star formation is disrupted around it.
Over time, the stars surrounding a black hole will run out of stellar fuel and die off, leading to a decrease in the number of stars in a galaxy, also known as galaxy starvation. A black hole also emits high-energy radiation which can disrupt the gas clouds that form stars and offer additional destructive effects to a galaxy.
Ultimately, a black hole’s influence can drastically change a galaxy, but it will not completely destroy it.
What happens if two black holes collide?
If two black holes collide, the result is an incredibly powerful event known as a gravitational wave. This wave releases an enormous amount of energy that radiates outward in all directions and can ripple through space-time itself.
The event is so powerful that it distorts space-time and can even cause objects to move or accelerate in different directions. It’s also thought to be responsible for the creation of new black holes or occur when two existing ones merge together.
The majority of the energy released by the collision is converted into gravitational radiation, essentially a ripple in space-time with a frequency and intensity that is too small to be detected by most instruments, but can still be felt billions of light years away.
Depending on the mass and angular momentum of the two colliding black holes, the event can be anything from a relatively minor shift in the fabric of space-time to a cataclysmic event resulting in the destruction of both black holes and the formation of an even bigger, more powerful black hole.
How much mass does the Sun need to turn into a black hole?
The amount of mass required for the Sun to become a black hole depends on several factors, such as the depth of the gravitational field and the speed of the particles. Generally speaking, if the Sun had a mass greater then 3 solar masses, then it would be stable and become a black hole.
To understand why this is the case, one can consider the process of gravitational collapse. If enough mass is concentrated in a single point, then the gravitational field becomes exceptionally strong, creating a so-called singularity.
This singularity is accompanied by an extremely powerful and destructive gravitational field, known as a black hole.
In order to cause the Sun to collapse into a black hole, its mass must be greater than the so-called Schwarzchild radius, which is a measurement of the strength of the gravity field of a black hole. As mentioned earlier, this radius is approximately 3 solar masses.
Of course, the Sun is simply too large to reach such a state, so it will never turn into a black hole. However, smaller stars, such as those that are part of binary star systems or formed during supernova explosions, might potentially become a black hole if they contain enough mass.
Could our Sun turn into a black hole?
No, our Sun is currently not large enough nor dense enough to become a black hole. A black hole is formed when a stellar-sized object contracts and its gravity pulls in all matter and energy, leaving behind an extremely small, dense core.
In order for a star to become a black hole, it must have at least three times the mass of our Sun. The Sun does not currently have enough mass to form a black hole, and it is far too big for its core to shrink in such a way.
Additionally, the Sun is made up mostly of hydrogen and helium gas, which would expand and become less dense, making it even more difficult to form a black hole. Therefore, our Sun is not large enough nor dense enough to turn into a black hole.
Do black holes make up 1% of the galaxy?
No, it is estimated that there are only around 10 to 20 million black holes in the Milky Way galaxy, which is less than 1% of the total number of stars in the Milky Way. Smaller black holes, such as stellar-mass black holes, are thought to outnumber supermassive black holes by a large margin.
It is estimated that there may be as many as 100,000 to 1 million stellar-mass black holes in the Milky Way alone. This means that, while black holes make up a small percentage of the total number of stars in the Milky Way, there are still a significant number of them present.
How fast would Earth freeze without the Sun?
If the Sun were to suddenly disappear, the Earth would freeze very quickly. Without the energy provided by the Sun, temperatures on Earth would begin to drop almost immediately. However, the exact speed of freezing would be dependent on a variety of factors.
The average temperature on the surface of the Earth is approximately 61oF (16oC). Without the Sun, the temperature on the surface of the Earth would quickly begin to drop. The rate of cooling would be determined by the amount of heat still being stored in the oceans, land, and atmosphere.
The heat stored in the environment could help mitigate some of the initial cooling, allowing temperatures to remain above freezing for some period of time. However, due to the large size of the ocean, this stored heat would not be able to prevent the eventual freezing of the Earth’s surface.
The precise speed at which the Earth would freeze without the Sun would likely be quite variable. In areas with high amounts of fresh water, such as the Arctic Ocean, temperatures would likely drop quickly as the large amounts of water absorb the ambient heat and cool rapidly.
In contrast, in more desert-like environments, temperature would drop more slowly, as the land would take longer to cool. If the loss of the Sun was sudden, the Earth would likely freeze in a matter of days or weeks.
Will our Sun become a red giant?
Yes, our Sun will eventually become a red giant. This is because it is a main sequence star that is fusing hydrogen into helium in its core. Stars like the Sun eventually run out of hydrogen and the core will collapse.
This will cause the star to heat up and the outer layers to expand greatly, becoming the red giant that we know. Eventually, after all the hydrogen has been fused and the core has become hot enough that helium starts to fuse, the star will contract and the outer layers will be ejected in a planetary nebula.
The inner core of the Sun will become a white dwarf and cool over time, eventually becoming a black dwarf.