At the end of its lifetime, a star 10 times the mass of our Sun will become a black hole. This is the remnant of the star and is formed when the star runs out of fuel and no longer supports itself against gravity, leading to a gigantic implosion.
During this process, the outer layers of the star radiate away, leaving behind a dense core. This core is so dense that it creates a gravitational field so intense that nothing, even light, can escape — forming a black hole.
The black hole is estimated to be between 2 and 24 miles in diameter, but is incredibly massive and can have a mass of up to 20 times the mass of the Sun.
What is the lifetime of a 10 solar mass star?
A 10 solar mass star has an estimated lifetime of approximately 17 million to 20 million years. This is relatively short compared to other stars, as stars of less mass have lifespans up to 10 trillion years.
Massive stars such as the 10 solar mass star have shorter lifespans due to the fact that they burn through their fuel much faster. After the stellar material begins to run out, the star will expand into a red giant and eventually expel most of its matter into the surrounding interstellar medium in a final, violent ejection known as a supernova.
This supernova can then form newly-created elements and release huge amounts of energy.
What type of star is 10 times more massive than our Sun?
A star that is 10 times more massive than our Sun is a very rare type of star known as a hypergiant. Hypergiants are some of the most massive stars in the universe, containing between 10 and 100 solar masses.
They are usually very luminous and can fluctuate in brightness in a matter of hours, days, or weeks. These stars typically have very quick lives due to their extreme mass, burning through their fuel supply at an accelerated rate and often ending their lives in a supernova.
Examples of hypergiants include the Pistol Star, R136a1, and VY Canis Majoris.
How do stars with a mass greater than 10 solar masses end their life?
Stars with a mass greater than 10 solar masses end their lives with a powerful explosion called a supernova. Before a star undergoes a supernova, it will spend its life slowly converting hydrogen into helium through nuclear fusion, growing brighter and hotter as it increases in mass and complexity.
Eventually, when it can no longer convert hydrogen into helium, it will collapse in on itself due to its own gravity. The core of the star will be crushed, causing a surge in temperature and pressure that can cause a shock wave to move outward from the star.
The shock wave will cause the outer layers of the star to be blown away, while the core will become a denser form of matter like a neutron star or a black hole. This explosion is known as a supernova, which can be seen from many light years away in the universe.
Would a 10 solar mass star support life?
The answer to this question is complicated because in order for life to exist on a planet orbiting a star like our Sun, that star needs to have certain qualities. A 10 solar mass star is likely too massive, and would likely live a very short lifespan compared to our Sun’s ~10 billion year lifespan.
This is largely due to the fact that stellar mass (the mass of a star) scales directly with the star’s lifespan, and for a star like our Sun, a greater mass results in a drastically shorter lifespan.
In addition, many 10 solar mass stars can be classified as “hypergiants” which are considered to be the most luminous and most massive stars known and they can have surface temperatures of 33,500 degrees Celsius, and would likely consume planets in its orbit.
Although a 10 solar mass star may not be able to support complex life forms, they may still possess some form of life. Given the extremely hot temperatures, organisms would need to have unique adaptations to survive and these unique qualities, as of now, have only been observed in organisms on Earth.
Thus, in conclusion, although a 10 solar mass star is technically capable of having planets in its orbit, it is unlikely that these planets would be able to support complex life forms.
What happens at the end of the life of a star 10x bigger than the Sun?
At the end of the life of a star that is 10x bigger than the Sun, the star will enter a final stage, called the supernova. During a supernova, the star reaches temperatures over 10 billion degrees, fusing its heavy elements into even heavier elements.
As the star reaches these temperatures, it will reach a critical point where its core can no longer support itself and collapse. This causes a massive shock wave to push through the star, creating an incredibly bright explosion that radiates in all directions.
This explosion can be seen by astronomers on Earth and is the most energetic event in our Universe. After the explosion, the core of the star will become what is known as a neutron star. This is a very dense object with a diameter of just 10-20 km, but a mass around 1.
4 times the mass of the Sun. Eventually, the neutron star will cool off and become a black dwarf as its starry life comes to an end.
What is the final state of a star with an initial mass of 10 solar mass?
The final state of a star with an initial mass of 10 solar masses depends on the properties of the star, such as its chemical composition and the presence of other stars in its vicinity. Generally, stars with an initial mass greater than 8 solar masses are expected to end their lives in a supernova explosion.
Following the explosion, any of the following could be in the star’s final states: a neutron star, a black hole, or a single compact object (such as a white dwarf or a black dwarf).
A neutron star is the smallest and densest type of star possible, with a radius of around 10 km and comprising mostly neutrons. Depending on its observational properties and the masses of other stars nearby, the neutron star will remain in a neutron star form or eventually be absorbed into a black hole.
The black hole is the most massive and most extreme of the star’s end states, with a gravitational pull that is so strong that even light cannot escape it. This state is only created when a star is so massive that it can no longer resist the pull of its own gravity, and its core is crushed under the unimaginable density and pressure.
Finally, a single compact object such as a white dwarf or black dwarf is the least massive and least extreme of the star’s final states. White dwarfs are dense, hot objects that are formed from the collapse of the core of intermediate-mass stars and can range in mass from 0.
11 – 4 solar masses. On the other hand, black dwarf stars are what white dwarfs eventually become after cooling down over an extremely long period of time (~1015 years).
In conclusion, the final state of a star with an initial mass of 10 solar masses could potentially become a neutron star, a black hole, a white dwarf, or a black dwarf.
When a star under about 8 10 solar masses ends its lifetime its outer layers are blown off to form?
When a star under about 8-10 solar masses reaches the end of its lifetime, the outer layers of the star are expelled to form what is known as a planetary nebula. The dying star then shrinks to a fraction of its original size and becomes an incredibly hot, dense object known as a white dwarf star.
The expelled material, however, is not left to disperse into space, but is instead heated by the fading remnant star and glows brightly, forming the stunning rings of gas and dust known as planetary nebulae.
These planetary nebulae can take various forms depending on the type of star from which they were ejected, and may consist of knots and filaments of glowing gas, and sometimes even reflective, dust shells.
Planetary nebulae can be seen in the night sky with a telescope, and can appear in a variety of beautiful, intricate shapes.
Can a neutron star have a mass of 10 solar masses?
Yes, neutron stars can have a mass of up to 10 solar masses. Neutron stars are the smallest, densest stars in the universe formed from the remains of a supernova. They are composed of almost entirely neutrons and typically have a mass between 1.
1 and 2. 5 solar masses. However, some neutron stars can have masses much greater than this upper limit, reaching up to 10 solar masses. In addition to a higher mass, these neutron stars are also spinning faster than their smaller counterparts.
This is because they release far more angular momentum in their formation process. Such neutron stars are known as millisecond pulsars and are thought to have formed from the merger of two neutron stars.
How long will a 5 solar mass star live?
A 5 solar mass star will live anywhere from 8. 7 to 10. 7 billion years, depending on its composition. This range is determined by the star’s initial composition, primarily the amount of deuterium and helium that the star begins with, as well as the amount of mass loss that occurs during its life.
A star with a high initial composition of helium and deuterium will tend to last the longest, because the star will be able to fuse the helium faster and will have a less drastic mass loss.
Near the end of its life, the star will either become a white dwarf, neutron star, or black hole, and its ultimate fate depends on its mass. A 5 solar mass star is massive enough to eventually become a neutron star or black hole.
It will first expand into a red giant, and then eject its outer layers of hydrogen and helium in what is known as a planetary nebula, leaving behind a core of carbon and oxygen. After this stage is complete, depends on whether the remnant core has a mass 1.
4 times that of the Sun. If it does, then it will collapse and become a neutron star, otherwise it will become a black hole.
In any case, the 5 solar mass stars will have a life cycle of 8.7 to 10.7 billion years.
What happens to a star after 10 billion years?
A star that is 10 billion years old has gone through many different phases of development. Depending on the size and age of the star, there are a few possible outcomes. A star with a mass between 10 and 25 times that of the sun will become a white dwarf, the dense, hot remnant of a star which no longer fuses hydrogen and helium.
Stars more massive than 25 solar masses become a supernova, releasing much of their mass in a powerful explosion. If a star is about the same size as the sun, then it will eventually become a red giant, in which the outer layers of the star expand and cool until it becomes a planetary nebula, consisting of a cooled stellar core and an expanding, colorful, gaseous envelope created through the expulsion of the outer layers of the star.
Eventually, the core becomes a white dwarf, and all of the gas will dissipate.
What is a star that is the remnant of the core of a main-sequence star?
A star that is a remnant of the core of a main-sequence star is known as a White Dwarf. White Dwarfs are small and dense stellar objects, typically composed of carbon and oxygen which are very rich in mass, while being less than half the size of the Sun.
Once formed, White Dwarfs gradually fade away over billions of years as they exhaust their nuclear fuel and become even cooler and less luminous. White Dwarfs are the end result of a Sun-like star transitioning to the extent of the main sequence on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram.
As it nears the end of its life, its supply of hydrogen fuel begins to diminish, and it slowly transitions from the main sequence to red giant stage, then to a planetary stage, and finally to a White Dwarf.
White Dwarfs are the most common stellar objects in space, being abundant in the Milky Way galaxy, and are believed to be a major contributor to the matter in the Universe.
What kind of remnant would a star with 1.5 times the mass of the sun leave behind?
A star with 1. 5 times the mass of the sun typically ends its life as a white dwarf star made almost entirely of carbon and oxygen atoms. Such a star would leave behind a planetary nebula, a bubble of glowing gas and dust formed from the outer layers when its nuclear furnace shut down.
As this gas and dust disperse, what remains is a dense core of the original star, a white dwarf. It is roughly the size of the Earth but has a mass very close to that of the sun. It will cool steadily over time, radiating its stored energy until it eventually becomes a black dwarf.
What do you call the remaining mass of the star in which it is 1.5 to 3 times the mass of the sun?
The remaining mass of the star in which it is 1. 5 to 3 times the mass of the sun is typically referred to as a White Dwarf. White Dwarfs are the left over cores of stars that have exhausted their fuel, collapsed, and shed their outer layers.
They are extremely dense, with a mass of 1. 5 to 3 times the mass of the sun but only about the same size as Earth. White Dwarfs are so dense that a teaspoon of White Dwarf material would have a mass of over 5 tons! White Dwarfs are very dim, with luminosity roughly 100,000 times less than the sun.
What will a massive star about 1.4 times the size of the Sun end its life as?
A massive star around 1. 4 times the size of the Sun will end its life as a spectacular core-collapse supernova. The massive star exhausts its fuel source, mostly hydrogen, and burns it into heavier elements, such as helium and carbon.
This type of star is particularly susceptible to gravity and its strong pressure will eventually cause the core to shrink and become very hot and dense. This compression causes the star to become unstable and will then lead to catastrophic collapse.
As the core implodes to incredibly high densities, two processes are initiated—shock waves propagate through the star, disintegrating it and expelling the material into space in a supernova. What is left of the star is an incredibly dense, rapidly spinning neutron star, or if the mass of the core is large enough, a black hole will form at the center.